Where’s Rome, where’s Crimea… Coinage of the Golden Horde and Crimean Khanate29.12.2020-31.10.2021
Save a tree. Do not print this unless it is really necessary
The establishment of the Mongolian Empire in the early 13th century was the work of Genghis Khan (ca. 1162–1227), one of the greatest chiefs of all time. During his lifetime, he divided the state between his four sons. The westernmost part of the empire, known as the Golden Horde (or traditionally the Ulus of Jochi), included vast territories of Eastern Europe and northern Central Asia. The Golden Horde (1242–1502) flourished the most in the first half of the 14th century, but its downfall began just around a dozen years later. In the 15th century, the Crimean Peninsula, which had been its integral part for two centuries, passed into the hands of an autonomous dynasty of the Girays, who established the independent Crimean Khanate (1441–1783).
Coins of the Golden Horde khans, dominated by silver (dirhams, dangs) and copper (pulas) denominations, were in circulation in their subject areas. They feature religious inscriptions, names of khans, tamgas (family seals) and place and year of minting. We can also observe a similarity to the Golden Horde’s issues on coins struck by the rulers of the Crimean Khanate, who considered themselves direct descendants of the Horde.
The exhibition is complemented by coins minted by Russian principalities subjected to the Golden Horde, coins of Genoese colonies in the Crimea and Ottoman Turkey, which in 1475 occupied the Crimea, becoming the principal of the Crimean Khanate.
The coins on display come mostly from Sławomir Liszew’ki's private collection, as well as from the collections of the National Museum in Kraków.
We are still working on running the full version of our site in English.
If you need to contact us please use the e-mail address email@example.com or phone number +48 012 433 54 44 (on weekdays between 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.)
We are sorry for the inconvenience!
Insufficient number of products in stock. Please choose a different number
Beta version of our website
Dear users, we are pleased to welcome you to our new website. It has just been launched so for the next few weeks it will function in beta version. This means that errors may occur in its operation. We appreciate your understanding.