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Picturesque Landscapes

  • The second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century was the period of flourishing landscape painting. Nature was promoted to become the main theme of works. Interest in the beauty of landscape resulted in the artists' discovery of the countryside along with its charm. Not only did they settle there, but they also made it a location of their open air painting sessions. The areas near Krakow became an inexhaustible source of themes and inspiration for the professors and students of the School of Fine Arts, later the Academy of Fine Arts. Not just Bronowice, where Włodzimierz Tetmajer took up residence. Jan Stanisławski took his students to Tyniec, Porąbka Uszewska or Rudno. 'It was a delightful two-month trip, we lived mostly around the fields, the forest, and the Tenczyński castle ruins. We stayed with various country people [.]". And the master kept telling his students, including Stanisław Kamocki, Stanisław Podgórski and Henryk Szczygliński: 'Paint, gentlemen, the Polish countryside, because perhaps in a few years it will not exist any more'.

    Kalwaria Zebrzydowska and its area became, in turn, one of the most important places for Wojciech Weiss and his wife Irena (Aneri). They painted their immediate surroundings: the house, the orchard with its beautiful caprifolium, the fields and the view of the Kalwaria monastery and the nearby Lanckorona.


    Compiled by: Urszula Kozakowska-Zaucha – art historian, head of the Department of Modern Polish Painting and Sculpture at the NMK.

  • Włodzimierz Tetmajer, Landscape with a Girl, c. 1901

  • Włodzimierz Tetmajer, Fields of Corn (Study of Fields and Corn), 1901

  • Włodzimierz Tetmajer, Ears (Study of Fields and Corn), 1901

  • Włodzimierz Tetmajer, Meadow (Study of Fields and Corn), 1901

  • Jan Stanisławski, Sky – Tyniec, c. 1902

  • Henryk Szczygliński, Country Road, 1902

  • Stanisław Kamocki, Haystacks Against Landscape, 1903

  • Stanisław Kamocki, Landscape from the Krakow Area, 1903

  • Stanisław Podgórski, Summer, 1904

  • Stanisław Kamocki, Flowers in front of a Cottage, c. 1905

  • Wojciech Weiss, Landscape Motif form Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, 1905

  • Stanisław Kamocki, Church Silence, after 1906

  • Wojciech Weiss, Apple Trees, 1916

  • Wojciech Weiss, Summer, 1917

  • Irena Weiss (Aneri), Landscape, 1919

  • Wojciech Weiss, Kalwaria – plate for the autolithograph portfolio 'Czartaka', 1928

  • Hanna Rudzka-Cybis, Wide Lanckorona Landscape, 1969

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