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Seascapes

  • The seaside was not only a popular destination for summer holiday, but also a great theme for painters. Initially, in the first half of the 19th century, the sea constituted the background of historical scenes, disasters or sea battles, so popular among the artists. With time, however, it began to regain autonomy and became the primary motif and a spectacular painting theme. At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, the sea with its resorts – which included, among others, Połąga, the so-called 'Baltic Zakopane' – became a pretext for symbolic reflections on decadence, melancholy, sense of life and the pursuit of freedom. The artists acknowledged the power of the sea and the element of water, so important during the 'Young Poland' period.

    Poland's reclamation of independence turned the Polish coast into the 'centre of the world', similarly to Zakopane in the mid-nineteenth century. Not only did the artists come here for open-air painting sessions or vacation, but they also settled here permanently.

    Text: Urszula Kozakowska-Zaucha – art historian, head of the Department of Modern Polish Painting and Sculpture at the NMK

  • Stanisław Witkiewicz, The Seashore in Połąga, 1889

    Stanisław Witkiewicz, The Seashore in Połąga, 1889

  • Leon Wyczółkowski, The Sea View from Połąga, 1908

    Leon Wyczółkowski, The Sea View from Połąga, 1908

  • Leon Wyczółkowski, The Sea in Połąga, 1908

    Leon Wyczółkowski, The Sea in Połąga, 1908

  • Maria Dulębianka, Sea, c. 1910

    Maria Dulębianka, Sea, c. 1910

  • Leon Wyczółkowski, Pine Trees in Połąga, 1908

    Leon Wyczółkowski, Pine Trees in Połąga, 1908

  • Leon Wyczółkowski, The Sea View from Połąga III, 1908

    Leon Wyczółkowski, The Sea View from Połąga III, 1908

  • Leon Wyczółkowski, A Windy Day, 1908

    Leon Wyczółkowski, A Windy Day, 1908

  • Leon Wyczółkowski, The Sea View from Połąga V, 1908

    Leon Wyczółkowski, The Sea View from Połąga V, 1908

  • Teodor Grott, Gdynia – Kamienna Góra in the Rain, 1923

    Teodor Grott, Gdynia – Kamienna Góra in the Rain, 1923

  • Władysław Jarocki, Fishermen, 1924

    Władysław Jarocki, Fishermen, 1924

  • Henryk Uziembło, The Seashore, 1925

    Henryk Uziembło, The Seashore, 1925

  • Stefan Filipkiewicz, View of Rozewie, c. 1930

    Stefan Filipkiewicz, View of Rozewie, c. 1930

  • Stanisław Szwarc, On the Beach / Gdynia, 1931

    Stanisław Szwarc, On the Beach / Gdynia, 1931 plate from portfolio: Stanisław Szwarc, 'The Polish Sea / 12 autolithographs / Gdynia Hel Gdańsk'

  • Jan Rubczak, The Coast, 1928-1932

    Jan Rubczak, The Coast, 1928-1932

  • Stefan Filipkiewicz, Beech Trees in Rozewie, 1933

    Stefan Filipkiewicz, Beech Trees in Rozewie, 1933

  • Jan Rubczak, Coastal Landscape, c. 1930-1934

    Jan Rubczak, Coastal Landscape, c. 1930-1934

  • Władysław Strzemiński, Seascape, 1939

    Władysław Strzemiński, Seascape, 1939

  • Jan Cybis, Seascape – Fishing Port in Orłowo, 1960

    Jan Cybis, Seascape – Fishing Port in Orłowo, 1960

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